Winter Wetlands… and Wonderlands

My winter bucket list for outdoor photography includes eagles, grouse, pileated woodpeckers and wetland landscapes. Frigid temperatures and six inches of new, powdery snow led me to wonder if grouse would be roosting on the ground, under an insulating blanket of snow. My beagle flushed a bird from under the snow, no more than six feet from my feet, while he was being leash-walked, suggesting that I had the right idea. I then searched for hours, over a two-day period, and found nothing! The odds really weren’t in my favor: I only knew of just two pairs in my search area of about 75 acres, and the new snow wasn’t that deep (eight to ten inches or more would have been better).


A ruffed grouse snow roost site, showing entrance and exit holes

Wetlands rarely disappoint and when all else fails, that’s often where I end up. In winter, swamps, marshy areas and small streams have rich landscapes and animal diversity, are bug free, and are much more accessible on foot than at other times. Once open water and muck freeze, and dense, herbaceous vegetation dies back, many wetland mysteries are unveiled. (I won’t lie – I wear 18 inch rubber boots on these excursions, regardless of the season; in the big swamps, I carry a compass and cell phone too).


Clumps of ferns in a marsh habitat

A Cattail Marsh after Heavy Snow

Cattail marsh

The large northern white-cedar swamps in central New York are natural resource treasures, with unique offerings of solitude and opportunities for reflection and exploration. Small areas of raised ground, no wider than the spread of the crown of a tree, are often occupied by white pine trees. The larger specimens, two and a half to three feet in diameter and towering far above the northern white-cedar and its associates, are centuries old (some nearly 500 years old).


Towering, old white pine, over 30 inches in diameter

Cedar of all sizes, shapes and forms is everywhere. In sharp contrast to the open woods and snow-covered fields on adjacent, upland habitats, these dense tangles of aromatic green foliage and persistent, gnarly branches are a wildlife haven. Snowshoe hares (historically), furbearers, ruffed grouse and deer all use cedar thickets for food and/or cover. Cedar is a highly nutritious (over 25% carbs), preferred food of deer, as seen by a browse line of about five to seven feet above ground if deer have access to it in winter.


Whitetail deer feeding on northern white-cedar

All photos by NB Hunter


6 thoughts on “Winter Wetlands… and Wonderlands

  1. HI! Liked the post. Thought the photographs looked good. I hadn’t seen the photo you took of the deer eating our cedar. That turned out well. Maxine

  2. Thanks, Nick, for giving us your site. Great pictures! Great perspective! Gary was looking for the flying squirrel pic.

  3. Love the way you set the scene Nick with informative descriptions – you should be blogging for Nat Geographic. I’m not familiar with the seasonal workings of higher latitude wetlands – fascinating draw for birds and fauna. Harsh in winter yet fascinating adaptations and resilience to tough conditions. A wonderland shrouded in it’s white blanket of snow. I’m getting the drift that this is not the place for fair weather photographers.

    • Don’t you love it when someone takes the time to delve into your archives and then submit nice comments?! Thanks Liz. But, if I ever connected with Nat Geo you would have to do some ghost writing behind the scenes…you’re good. Regarding this winter post–I was actually thinking about it when I was shooting for the recent fiddlehead story. Why? I was standing in the very same swampy place (image #2 with the snow-covered tussocks)!

      • Well, i have to marvel at the seasons’ transforming swampy landscape like that 🙂 Nice try with that bit of flattery ghost writing behind the scenes, Nick!

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