A Little Woodland Gem: Gaywings

On a recent nature walk I stumbled into a colony of tiny woodland wildflowers, a species that follows the early spring ephemerals but rivals or even exceeds them in beauty. It belongs to the Milkwort family and goes by various common names: Gaywings, Fringed Polygala, Flowering Wintergreen and Bird-on-the-wing. The last refers to the shape of the magenta-colored flower – a pair of sepals flaring out like wings from a tube-like center (fused petals).



This small, fragile, wildflower prefers mesic, acidic soils, sparse herbaceous competition on the forest floor and a forest canopy of hardwood or mixed hardwood and coniferous trees. The specimens that I photographed must have read the book, because this is precisely the type of habitat where they were growing.


Gaywings is widely distributed in northeastern U.S. It also occurs as far south as the mountains of Georgia and north into Canada.


All photos by NB Hunter


8 thoughts on “A Little Woodland Gem: Gaywings

    • Thanks Charlie. I hope you find them. Despite their range and “secure” status in New York, I don’t see many – the colonies are few and far between. I spend a lot of time on poorly drained sites with neutral to alkaline soils, which is part of the problem I’m sure. Good luck.

  1. I live in Danby and noticed these just the other day for the first time! In searching for “low growing magenta spring wildflower” I came upon your photos and link to your blog. Where are the white cedar swamps around here?

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