Canal Waterways and Resources

Many of my posts are linked, directly or indirectly, to the elaborate water transportation system engineered in New York State in the 19th century. The network of canals, reservoirs, feeder canals and associated wetlands that once transformed the movement of coal, agricultural products and people across New York and Pennsylvania are now critical wildlife and outdoor recreation resources that define the Central New York region.

woodduck3apr14123e2c4x6

Wood Duck on the Chenango Canal

A small section of the Chenango Canal (originally a 97 mile long feeder to the Erie Canal that operated from 1836 to 1877), has stood the test of time. It is now listed on the National and New York State Registry of Historic Places. The massive, chiseled stones in this aqueduct provide a vivid historical perspective: Immigrant workers from Ireland and Scotland, aided by mules, oxen and horses, built the entire canal by hand. At the height of the construction, there were 500 laborers per section, toiling for $11.00 a month.

chencanal1mar171767e5c4x6

The remains of a 19th century aqueduct on the Chenango Canal

Photos by NB Hunter. © All Rights Reserved.

Waterfowl on the Move

There are now Canada Geese, resident and migratory, on every puddle, pond, lake and wetland. Their favorite feeding grounds are harvested corn fields near open surface waters.

WoodmanPond6Apr14#047E

Canada Geese and other waterfowl on Woodman Pond

Geese aren’t the only waterfowl species enjoying the ice-free water.

AmerMerg2Apr14#028E

Common Merganser, males

AmerMerg2Apr14#015E

Common Mergansers, male and female

Yesterday, a flock of nearly 100 migrating Snow Geese chose to work the corn stubble and refuel, rather than battle strong, cold wind and snow. SnowGeese5Apr14#021Ec3x5 SnowGeese5Apr14#049E Snowgeese5Apr14#061Ec8x10

My favorite waters this time of year are small streams; tree-lined, canal waterways; and swamps. They’re usually quiet, off the beaten path, teeming with wildlife, and provide more photo ops within reach of my modest gear. Wood Ducks are cruising around in these places now, thinking ahead to the nesting season.

WoodDuck3Apr14#123E

Male Wood Duck, one of several on the Chenango Canal

Photos by NB Hunter. © All Rights Reserved.

Birds at the Marsh

Tall cattails, small, weedy ponds choked with lilies and an old beaver dam characterize a local wetland that I often visit in the morning. Like most healthy wetlands, it is teeming with life and full of surprises!

A flock of Cedar Waxwings, perched briefly on a snag at the edge of the beaver dam; they were feeding on air-borne insects above the adjacent pond.

CedarWaxwings15July13#118E

Cedar Waxwings

CedarWaxwing25July13#139E2

Cedar Waxwing

I was set up in the woody shrub thicket colonizing the inactive beaver dam, in the midst of a family of Song Sparrows. This one was a bit upset with me, but not to the point of leaving its perch.

Sparrow25July13#119E

Song Sparrow

The main attraction at the marsh has been a family of Common Gallinules. They’re fascinating, chicken-like, aquatic birds that like the dense cattail marsh and weedy pond habitats for feeding, nesting and raising their chicks. I prefer the Old World name, Moorhen, which was discontinued in the U.S. in 2011 in favor of Gallinule.

Moorhen14July13#022E

Common Gallinule, adult

Moorhens14July13#131E

Common Gallinules, adult and chicks (grooming)

Moorhens17July13#052E

Gallinule family retreating into the cattail marsh after feeding in open water.

Dressed in brilliant spring breeding colors, the male Wood Duck is one of the most popular subjects for photography and art in the world. In summer however, it looks much like the female Wood Duck, adorned in what is called “eclipse” plumage.

WoodDuckMale26July13#018E2

Wood Duck, male, eclipse plumage

Photos by NB Hunter. © All Rights Reserved.